NHLBI Request for Information(RFI): Collaborative Translational Research Consortium to Develop T4 Translation of Evidence-based Interventions (NOT-HL-14-028)
Released July 2, 2014
Dr. Alex Blum formerly at OBSSR authors new study on the Impact of Socioeconomic Status Measures on Hospital Profiling in New York City
May 13, 2014
Change in Leadership of the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research
April 11, 2014
The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General
July 20 - 25, 2014
2014 Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health
Babson Park, MA
This presentation will cover a range of mHealth applications that supports the home health phase of rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injury, amputee care and psychological stress. Topics include sleep assessment, cognitive training, vestibular and ocular training for TBI, and prosthetic mHealth tools for amputees. A comprehensive approach that focuses on individualized, self-management applications will be stressed.. continue...
Harvard University and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, with support from the National Institutes of Health (National Cancer Institute, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Mental Health, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Office of Disease Prevention), and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, are sponsoring this 5-day training institute to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation research in health. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts (practitioners and teachers) in theory, implementation and evaluation approaches to D&I, creating partnerships and multi-level, transdisciplinary research teams, research design, methods and analyses appropriate for D&I investigations and conducting research at different and multiple levels of intervention (e.g., clinical, community, policy). continue...
Although telemonitoring-assisted care management improves outcomes in many chronic conditions, creative strategies are needed to overcome logistical limitations in available personnel, health care finances, and technical support. Additionally, patients’ in-home caregivers are often overburdened, prone to burnout, and coping with their own medical conditions. Recent and ongoing projects at the University of Michigan (Center for Center for Managing Chronic Disease, and the Department of Family Medicine) have used mobile health (mHealth) technologies to enable informal caregiver from outside the patient’s home to support their medication adherence and self-management in real time. In this mHealth system, patients with diabetes, heart failure, or depression undergo weekly automated telephonic health assessments during which they hear problem-tailored messages about adherence and self-management. Their informal caregiver (a designated close friend or family member from outside their home) receives corresponding guidance on how to support the patient’s self-management, while their clinician is notified about any medically-urgent situations. Our preliminary trials show that, compared to basic telemonitoring,incorporating informal caregivers into this system enhances medication adherence and illness self-management behaviors. If ultimately shown effective in our ongoing NIH-funded RCTs, then these and similar mHealth programs could be broadly implemented, have major public health impact, and be expanded to simultaneously address multiple chronic conditions. continue...
Since 1960, the mortality profiles of industrialized countries have been dominated by the chronic diseases of adulthood. The intensity of these diseases reflects many factors, including scientific understanding of disease etiology, access to and performance of health care systems, levels of education and income, and individual behaviors affecting health. This paper examines mortality levels in the United States and other industrialized countries since 1960 and considers the extent to which smoking and obesity are contributors to trends, international differences, and internal disparities.
BSSR-CC Lecture Series:
Emotional Factors and Cardiovascular Disease: Differences by Sex and Age
May 16, 2014, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM EDT
BSSR-CC Lecture Series
There is growing recognition of the importance of emotional stress as a potentially modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Emotional stress potentially contributes to CVD in multiple ways, from influencing CVD risk factors, to affecting the development of atherosclerosis, to triggering acute CVD events, to impairing recovery, prognosis and quality of life of patients who have already developed the disease. Emerging evidence suggests that young individuals, young women in particular, are especially vulnerable to the adverse effects of stress on the cardiovascular system, which may result in earlier onset of CVD or more adverse prognosis if the disease is already manifest. Women’s susceptibility to psychosocial stress could play a role in sex differences in the pathophysiology and outcome of CVD. For example, it could help explain the higher propensity of women toward microvascular dysfunction, which has been linked to emotional stress. It could also explain why young women with an acute myocardial infarction have twice the mortality than men of the same age despite less severe coronary disease. Future research should study women and men earlier in their life to better understand the risk pathways linking emotional stress to CVD risk and devise successful interventions to ameliorate such risk.
The accurate measurement of adherence is critical for understanding the efficacy of new treatments and the association between patient behavior and health outcomes. Clinically, adherence information can be used to identify at-risk patients as well as a component of interventions either to identify doses most like to be missed or to reinforce positive changes in health behaviors. There are many approaches to measuring adherence, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. This presentation will discuss the pros and cons of each approach using illustrations from current research from various chronic illnesses. Greater attention will be given to objective monitoring strategies, which are becoming increasing more feasible with advances in technology. Challenges and recommendations for managing the large databases created by electronic monitoring will be discussed. Finally, strategies for using electronic monitoring in clinical care will be presented. continue...
Medication adherence plays a critical role in prevention and treatment; nevertheless, the burden of non-adherence remains high. There are effective interventions to improve adherence and to measure the impact of those interventions that can be used in a practical setting. This talk is designed to describe those methods and interventions, and to demonstrate the critical role they play in improving medication adherence, especially in primary care. It also provides tools and resources for enhancing adherence. continue...
New mHealth technologies are proliferating at an astonishing rate, with many new tools being harnessed for behavior change interventions. Because they are inexpensive, transportable, and have broad (and growing) penetration, mHealth tools (e.g., smartphone apps, text messaging, accelerometers/pedometers) have the potential to overcome access barriers and extend the reach of behavioral interventions to the large population that may benefit. The co-emergence of new mHealth tools and new, efficient methodologies for intervention development creates an opportunity to design behavioral interventions more systematically than the traditional “kitchen sink” approach. The presenter will illustrate via a series of studies of behavioral interventions designed to produce positive diet and activity changes and/or weight loss by fostering self-monitoring, a robust mediator of behavior change. The results highlight the need for a clear theoretical conceptualization of how to align mHealth self-monitoring tools with established effective intervention components, such as social support and financial incentives. Developments in sensor technology will soon afford access to continuous, passively acquired, accurate information about behavioral parameters including dietary intake and physical activity. The field urgently needs a theoretical model to characterize mechanisms whereby self-monitoring performed via these new technological capabilities can be expected to influence behavior. A key question will be whether new automated self-monitoring capabilities support maintenance of healthy lifestyle change by making self-regulation less burdensome, or whether they thwart maintenance by eliminating the need to exercise effortful cognitive processes that are integral to self-regulation. continue...
Dr. Douglas Richardson
Association of American Geographers
Dr. Mei-Po Kwan
Professor, Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Improving population health and eliminating health disparities is a critical task, yet our efforts are stymied by the complexity of the task, involving as it does causes of poor health that range from public policy to the nature of our neighborhoods to how we behave to biology.
On February 24-25, 2014, at the National Institutes of Health Natcher Conference Center in Bethesda, Maryland, join scholars and practitioners from the United States and abroad to learn about and see examples of how complex systems science can help guide our research and policy efforts to eliminate health disparities and improve the health of our population. continue...
The Script Your Future campaign is a national public education campaign designed to raise awareness
among patients, their family caregivers and health care professionals, about the importance of taking
medications as directed. Led by the National Consumers League, the campaign focuses on patients
affected by three serious chronic conditions – diabetes, respiratory disease, and cardiovascular disease.
The campaign educates patients about the consequences of poor adherence, encourages patients and
health care professionals to better communicate about medication, and offers tools and
resources to help improve adherence.
The psychological and behavioral consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster may be among the most widespread, long term and costly of all oil spill-related impacts. However, many people are resilient, and understanding the factors associated with better recovery are needed to guide prevention and early intervention activities. Toward this end, a cohort of NE Gulf Coast residents were studied with standard psychological, psychosocial, and risk perception measures during the oil spill and for one, two, and three years thereafter. continue...
Pursuing a career in behavior, psychology or public health? Wondering where to look for a job or which job’s the best fit for you? Participate in the Twitter Chat on Careers in Behavioral Sciences sponsored by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) at the National Institutes of Health.continue...
Physical activity adherence is of particular importance for breast cancer survivors because more physically active breast cancer survivors have a lower risk of breast cancer recurrence and mortality. Furthermore, national survivorship guidelines recommend that oncologists routinely advise their patients to engage in regular physical activity. Unfortunately, the majority of breast cancer survivors do not adhere to the recommended amounts of physical activity. I will discuss the current state of the science related to physical activity adherence in this population including strategies that have proven effective in randomized controlled trials. I will also discuss how this current scientific knowledge may be applicable to other chronic disease states and future research directions in the field. continue...
One of the most critical issues impeding improvements in public health today is the enormous gap between what we know can optimize health and healthcare and what actually gets implemented in every day practice. The science of dissemination and implementation (D&I) seeks to address this gap by understanding how to best ensure that evidence-based strategies to improve health and prevent disease are effectively delivered in clinical and public health practice. continue...
Kevin Volpp, M.D., Ph.D.
Behavioral economic approaches merge the fields of economics and psychology and have been used to modify behvaior across the spectrum. Dr. Volpp’s work focuses on developing and testing innovative ways of applying insights from behavioral economics in improving patient health behavior and affecting provider performance. He has done work with a variety of employers, insurers, health systems, and consumer companies in testing the effectiveness of different behavioral economic strategies in addressing tobacco dependence, obesity, and medication non-adherence.
Sandro Galea, MD, MPH, DrPH
Neuroscience Building, 6001 Executive Blvd, Rockville MD, Room A.
Considering a Career in Epidemiology, Psychology or Public Health? Wondering where to look for a job, or which job’s the best fit for you? Come hear firsthand from people trained in the behavioral and epidemiological sciences and now work in ACADEMIA, GOVERNMENT, or THE PRIVATE SECTOR continue...
Are you aware of the new systematic review of interventions to enhance adherence from AHRQ? Want to know more about it? Then join Dr. Christine DeLong Jones as she discusses findings from a recent systematic review of interventions to improve medication adherence (AHRQ Contract 290-2007-10056-I; Ann Intern Med. 2012;157:785-795). continue...
ABSTRACT: There is an increasing focus on changing healthcare from being reactive and clinic- or hospital-based to being proactive and continuous, with an emphasis on interventions that make use of home monitoring and information/communications technology to facilitate scalable approaches for delivering care to the home. continue...
The most significant health and wellness challenges increasingly involve multiple chronic conditions, from diabetes, hypertension, and asthma to depression, chronic-pain, sleep and neurological disorders. continue...
This event will feature three presentations covering NIH-funded research projects that explore aspects of re-entry and community health’s intersection including: HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, substance abuse, mental disorders, clinical research, health services, health disparities, social environment, sexual behavior and public policy. continue...
How does culture affect health-related beliefs and practices? Artists and arts organizations may help answer this question through a new funding opportunity from the National Institutes of Health. continue...
2012 NIH BSSR Retreat
October 22, 2012 in Bethesda, MD
Convention of NIH behavioral and social
scientists aimed at further building the
internal BSSR community and fostering
enhanced collaboration. continue...
Prevention research in the injury field has matured over the last few decades and results offer optimism for reducing this toll in the future. This talk will provide an overview of the field, its history of accomplishments, as well as the challenges and opportunities that face it in the future. continue...
The purpose of the workshop is to identify research gaps and opportunities for exploring the relationship of arts participation and creativity to physical health and psychological well-being in older adults. continue...
The purpose of this webinar is to encourage collaboration between biobehavioral investigators and economists so that the results of clinical trials and studies are designed to promote appropriate and prompt implementation. continue...
One of the most critical issues impeding improvements in public health today is the enormous gap between what we know can optimize health and healthcare and what actually gets used and implemented in everyday practice. The science of dissemination and implementation (D&I) seeks to address this gap by understanding how to best ensure that evidence-based strategies to improve health and prevent disease are effectively delivered in clinical and public health practice.
D&I research draws from a variety of behavioral and social science disciplines and employs approaches and methods that in the past have not been taught comprehensively in most graduate degree programs.
Though this field of research has gained incredible momentum in recent years, there remains a need to grow a cadre of both new and established scientists who are prepared to (1) address the complex process of bridging research and practice in a variety of real-world settings and to (2) conduct research that balances rigor with relevance and employs study designs and methods appropriate for the complex processes involved in dissemination and implementation. continue...
The NIH Summer Institute will address essential conceptual, methodological, and practical issues involved in planning and carrying out research on the impact of behavioral and social interventions on health outcomes, health behavior, and treatment. Such interventions are relevant to NIH public health goals of preventing morbidity and mortality and promoting health and well-being for persons with medical and behavioral disorders and conditions.
The Institute is intended for junior investigators who have COMPLETED THEIR DOCTORATEand who plan to develop NIH grant applications for research in this area. Faculty (mentors) will include established investigators from relevant social work and other fields. Participants will be expected to submit a draft NIH grant application to their respective mentors by September 1, 2012 (tentative). continue...
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) invites you to a two-day conference that will bring together Federal agencies that invest in health promotion and disease prevention research with those that implement the research to discover shared research needs and form new partnerships. continue...
The 2012 Institute on Systems Science and Health (ISSH) will provide investigators with a thorough introduction to selected systems science methodologies that may be used to study behavioral and social dimensions of public health. Participants in the week-long Institute focused on one of three methodologies: agent-based modeling, system dynamics modeling, or network analysis.
Mixed methods research is increasingly important for addressing complex problems facing public health. Mixed methods approaches are particularly well-suited to enhance our understanding of how to optimize dissemination and implementation (D&I) of evidence-based interventions. A challenge inherent in D&I research is that often neither a qualitative nor a quantitative approach alone is sufficient to fully understand the processes involved and/or outcomes resulting from the dissemination or implementation of a given intervention. Mixed methods research involves the intentional collection and integration of both qualitative and quantitative data and capitalizes on the strengths of each to enhance the breadth and depth of the researchers' understanding of a problem. Mixed methods research is a tool that can help to ensure that evidence-base strategies to improve health and prevent disease are effectively delivered in clinical and public health practice.
NIH's Basic Behavioral and Social Science Opportunity Network (OppNet) presents its fourth symposium on Human and Model Animal Research in the Basic Behavioral and Social Sciences.
This series brings together scientists who conduct research on similar topics--at minimum, one researcher with human subjects, another with model animals. After individual presentations, the presenters, hosts and symposium participants will discuss areas of interest and potential future directions.
There is a recognized need to close the gap between research evidence and clinical and public health practice and policy. How is this best accomplished? Dissemination and implementation research in health seeks to answer this question, and is gaining momentum as a field of scientific inquiry. The goal of the annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation is to facilitate growth in the research base by providing a forum for communicating and networking about the science of dissemination and implementation.
Researchers, evaluators and implementers who are interested in identifying opportunities and strategies for overcoming obstacles for dissemination and implementation research/evaluation are encouraged to attend this meeting. The goal is to engage in dialog, exchange ideas, explore contemporary topics and challenge one another to identify and test research approaches that will advance dissemination and implementation science.
Registration and call for proposals details will be available online shortly at:
December 14, 2011 marks the anniversary of the HHS Strategic Framework on Multiple Chronic Conditions - an innovative private-public sector collaboration to coordinate responses to a growing challenge. Consistent with the goals of the Strategic Framework, an initiative at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) was developed to generate research that targets behavioral interventions for people with multiple chronic conditions.Behavioral Interventions to Address Multiple Chronic Health Conditions in Primary Care (R01, PA-12-024) is a recently-released funding announcement that is supported by many of the NIH Institutes and Centers.
Health care providers face the ongoing challenge of supporting patients in a broad range of health decisions and behaviors that influence their daily well-being and long-term outcomes. Yet patients vary greatly in their treatment preferences and capacity for adopting healthy behaviors and managing disease. This is especially the case when the self-care and behavior change strategies required are associated with multiple chronic diseases. This is a growing issue with more than a quarter of all Americans - and two out of three older Americans - currently having multiple chronic conditions. These numbers are expected to rise as the number of older Americans increases.continue..
To join the webinar go to: http://conferences.thehillgroup.com/obssr/di2012/index.html
Audio Bridge: Dial-in 866-628-8620 / Passcode 135462
OBSSR and many NIH Institutes, Centers, and Federal partners will host a five-day training Institute that will bring together leaders in mobile technology, behavioral sciences and clinical research to lead a cross-training event for early career investigators with interest in mHealth. The training curriculum will cover the current state of the science in mobile technology and engineering, behavior change theory and clinical applications, and highlight the intersection among these areas for research related to health. Participants should expect to leave the Institute with experience creating mHealth projects in an interdisciplinary setting.
For more information, please visit:
November 9, 2011, NIH Main Campus, Building 45, Natcher Conference Center, Balcony B
OBSSR is convening a symposium commemorating 30 years since the first reported cases of HIV/AIDS in 1981. This event honors the significant contributions of behavioral and social science to HIV/AIDS research thus far and highlights ways in which it will continue to advance the understanding, treatment and prevention of the disease moving forward.
World-renowned researchers - Drs. Thomas Coates (UCLA), Wafaa El-Sadr (Columbia Univ.), David Bangsberg (Harvard Univ.) and Carl Dieffenbach (NIH/NIAID) - will offer presentations on the role of behavioral and social science in HIV/AIDS research projects targeting three research and implementation goals: expanded testing, effective prevention tools and a cure. No registration is required and the event is free and open to the general public. More information is available by contacting OBSSR's Dana Sampson (Sampsond@od.nih.gov).
The goal of this 5-day training institute is to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation research in health. Faculty and guest lecturers will consist of leading experts (practitioners and teachers) in theory, implementation and evaluation approaches to D&I, creating partnerships and multi-level transdisciplinary research teams, research design, methods and analyses appropriate for D&I investigations and conducting research at different and multiple levels of interventions (e.g., clinical, community, policy). Participants will be expected to return to their home institutions prepared to share what they have learned at the institute to help grow the field of D&I research (e.g., giving talks, leading seminars, forming new collaborations, mentoring, and submitting D&I grant proposals etc).
For more information, please visit:
For more information, please visit:
Social Isolation and Health
John T. Cacioppo, Ph.D.
Social species, by definition, form organizations that extend beyond the individual. These structures evolved hand in hand with behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced, thereby ensuring their genetic legacy. Social isolation represents a lens through which to investigate these behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms. Evidence from human and nonhuman animal studies indicates that isolation heightens sensitivity to social threats (predator evasion) and motivates the renewal of social connections. The effects of perceived isolation in humans share much in common with the effects of experimental manipulations of isolation in nonhuman social species: increased tonic sympathetic tonus and HPA activation, and decreased inflammatory control, immunity, sleep salubrity, and expression of genes regulating glucocorticoid responses. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in older adults.
For more information, please visit:
The 2011 Institute on Systems Science and Health (ISSH) will provide investigators with a thorough introduction to selected systems science methodologies that may be used to study behavioral and social dimensions of public health. Participants in the week-long Institute will focus on one of three methodologies: agent-based modeling, system dynamics modeling, or network analysis.
For more information, please visit: