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Methodology
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Community Based Participatory Research
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Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults With Cardiovascular Risk Factors) External Exit Disclaimer
August, 2014


Education and Health: New Frontiers (Meeting Summary) External Exit Disclaimer
August 25, 2014


Wireless Health 2014 - Call for Submissions External Exit Disclaimer
Deadline: September 15, 2014


Emotional Stress a Stronger Risk Factor for Heart Disease in Women Compared To Men External Exit Disclaimer
July 31, 2014


NHLBI Request for Information(RFI): Collaborative Translational Research Consortium to Develop T4 Translation of Evidence-based Interventions (NOT-HL-14-028) External Exit Disclaimer
Released July 2, 2014


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October 23, 2014
3 pm - 4 pm EST.
Intervention science: Using social psychology to reduce achievement gaps and health disparities - NHGRI SBRB
Bethesda, MD 


October 29, 2014
2 pm - 4 pm EST.
BSSR Lecture Series: mhealth Measurement
Bethesda, MD 


October 29 - 31, 2014
Wireless Health 2014External Exit Disclaimer
Bethesda, MD


November 3, 2014
8 am - 5 pm ET.
mHealth Training: Developing Mobile Health Interventions to Treat Pediatric Obesity
Boston Convention and Exhibition Center 

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Home > Scientific AreasMethodology > Community Based Participatory Research


Community-Based Participatory Research

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an applied collaborative approach that enables community residents to more actively participate in the full spectrum of research (from conception – design – conduct – analysis – interpretation – conclusions – communication of results) with a goal of influencing change in community health, systems, programs or policies. Community members and researchers partner to combine knowledge and action for social change to improve community health and often reduce health disparities. Academic/research and community partners join to develop models and approaches to building communication, trust and capacity, with the final goal of increasing community participation in the research process. It is an orientation to research which equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognizes the unique strengths that each brings.

Improving public health often entails moving beyond the conventional health care system to include integrated and innovative approaches. CBPR has emerged as an alternative research paradigm which integrates education and social action to improve health and deepen our scientific base of knowledge in the areas of health promotion, disease prevention, and health disparities. It is regarded as an effective method for transferring evidence-based research from clinical settings to communities that can most benefit thereby improving health. CBPR's community-partnered research processes offer the potential to generate better-informed hypotheses, develop more effective interventions, and enhance the translation of the research results into practice. Thus, CBPR is an essential tool for action-oriented and community-driven public health research.

Advantages of community-based participatory research include:

  • Joining partners with diverse expertise to address complex public health problems
  • Improving intervention design and implementation by facilitating participant recruitment and retention
  • Increasing the quality and validity of research
  • Enhancing the relevance and use of data
  • Increasing trust and bridging cultural gaps between partners
  • Providing resources for the communities involved
  • Benefiting the community and researchers alike through the knowledge gained and actions taken
  • The potential to translate research findings to guide the development of further interventions and policy change
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) continues supporting this collaborative approach; the NIH portfolio of CBPR increases annually in both quantity of funded projects and participating institutes/centers. More than two dozen Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) on CBPR have been released over the past decade with support from the following NIH components: NCI, NCRR (dissolved), NHLBI, NIAAA, NICHD, NIDA, NIDCD, NIDCR, NIEHS, NIMH, NIMHD (formerly NCMHD), NINR, OBSSR, and ORWH.

Additionally, a CBPR Scientific Interest Group (SIG) has been established at the NIH with the purpose of strengthening communication among federal agencies with an interest in supporting CBPR methodologies in the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research, education, health care delivery, or policy. The NIH CBPR SIG’s priority objectives are as follows:

  1. Serve as a focal point to identify and develop new, coordinated activities to increase awareness, understanding and use of CBPR;
  2. Critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of CBPR;
  3. Identify challenges and opportunities for supporting CBPR; Encourage research training and career development opportunities for CBPR researchers and practitioners; and
  4. Serve as a network through which information can be shared regarding community-based participatory research activities.

Recent Funding Opportunities

The NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) recognizes that in order to maximize the relevance, dissemination, and implementation of research for the public, communities should have the opportunity to be actively engaged in the research enterprise, including active participation in research; translation and application of research findings to community-based practice and public health initiatives; and using research-generated evidence in support of public health policy decisions. Accordingly, OBSSR is committed to promoting community-partnered research and the advantages it offers in advancing the public’s health. Towards this end, OBSSR developed numerous activities and resources in recent years as featured on this page. These initiatives encourage and support community-partnered research in hopes of accelerating public health research and the impact of research findings.

Select the hyperlinked text for complete information:
  • PA-08-074 (R01) Funding Opportunity Announcement: Community Participation in Research
  • PAR-08-075 (R01) Funding Opportunity Announcement: Community Participation Research Targeting the Medically Underserved
  • PAR-08-076 (R21) Funding Opportunity Announcement: Community Participation Research Targeting the Medically Underserved
  • FAQs: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions for PAR-08-075 and PAR-08-076
  • Sampling of grants PDF(49k) funded through OBSSR’s CBPR funding opportunity announcements
  • PI Guidance: A Guide for Applicants of OBSSR-initiated Funding Opportunity Announcements
  • Applicant Pitfalls: A List of Common Application Problems

Recent Training Initiatives

Select the hyperlinked text for complete information:

For additional information on the listed resources and initiatives, please contact OBSSR’s lead, Dana M. Sampson at Sampsond@od.nih.gov.

How can you obtain information on relevant funding opportunities at the NIH? There are several ways including:

  • Subscribe to the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) listserv dedicated to disseminating NIH Funding Opportunity Announcements on behavioral and social sciences research. Instructions on how to subscribe are available at: http://obssr.od.nih.gov/funding_opportunities/BSSR_guide_to_grants_at_the_NIH/guideIndex.aspx.
  • Subscribe to the NIH Guide listserv which provides weekly listings of all new research opportunities at the NIH. Instructions on how to subscribe are available at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/listserv.htm.
  • Search the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts (a.k.a. “The NIH Guide”) which is the official publication for all NIH research grant policies, guidelines and funding opportunities. It is available at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/.
  • Subscribe to the Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) listserv that is co-sponsored by Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) and the Wellesley Institute. The CBPR listserv is a resource for sharing knowledge and experience with the goal of contributing to strengthening the field of CBPR. To join the listserv, visit: http://mailman2.u.washington.edu/mailman/listinfo/cbpr.

Results

Sampling of grants funded through OBSSR’s community-based participatory research (CBPR) funding opportunities:

Activity Code

Grant Number

PI Name

Institution

Project Title

Funding Opportunity

R01

HL111407

Sia, Irene G. et al

Mayo Clinic

Healthy Immigrant Families: Working Together To Move More and To Eat Well

PA-08-074

R01

MH087339

Rhodes, Scott

Wake Forest Univ.

Using CBPR to Reduce HIV Risk Among Immigrant Latino MSM

PA-08-074

R01

ES019620

Miller, Pamela Kay, et al

Alaska Community Action on Toxics (ACAT)

Protecting the Health of Future Generations: Assessing and Preventing Exposures

PA-08-074

R01

CA149324

Tanjasiri, Sora Park, et al

California State Univ.-Fullerton

A Pap Test Intervention to Enhance Decision Making among Pacific Islander Women

PA-08-074

R01

CA138778

Nguyen, Tung T.

Univ. of California, San Francisco

Lay Health Workers and Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Chinese Americans

PA-08-074

R01

ES008739

Arcury, Thomas A.

Wake Forest Univ.

CBPR on Pesticide Exposure and Neurological Outcomes for Latinos: PACE4

PAR-08-075

R01

MH085653

Rosal, Milagros C., et al

Univ. of Massachusetts

Barriers and Facilitators of Mental Health Services Utilization Among Latinos

PAR-08-075

R01

NR012676

Wright, Kynna N.

Univ. of California, Los Angeles

Impact of a CBPR School Program on Obesity-Related Outcomes in Underserved Youth

PAR-08-075

R01

NR011979

Hosig, Kathryn W., et al

Virginia Tech Carilion

Church-based Community Diabetes Education Targeting Underserved African Americans

PAR-08-075

R01

NR011142

Rothschild, Steven K., et al

Rush Univ. Medical Center

Block-by-Block: The Humboldt Park Campaign Against Diabetes

PAR-08-075

R21

CA147794

James, Aimee S.

Washington Univ. in St. Louis

Using Photovoice to Engage Community Members in Promoting Colorectal Cancer Awareness

PAR-08-076

R21

NR011138

Document, Patricia Isabel

Univ. of Pittsburgh

De la Mano con la Salud (Lend A Hand for Health): A Male Lay Health Advisor Network

PAR-08-076

R21

ES017239

Annang, Lucy, et al

Univ. of South Carolina

Assessment of Health Services Needs Pre- and Post-Disaster in Rural South Carolina

PAR-08-076

R21

HD064594

Johnston, Judy Ann, et al

Univ. of Kansas

Exploring Oral Health and Insurance Issues Among Uninsured Children

PAR-08-076

R21

CA148658

Kobetz, Erin N.

Univ. of Miami

Patn?? en Aksyon: Addressing Cervical Cancer Disparities in Little Haiti

PAR-08-076

R21

MH085614

Raj, Anita

Boston Univ.

Using CBPR to Address HIV Risk in Heterosexual Black Men: The MEN Count Program

PAR-08-076

Recommended References:

Achieving the Promise of Authentic Community-Higher Education Partnerships: Community Partners Speak Out! (2007). Seattle, WA: Community-Campus Partnerships for Health. 
(Available online at: http://depts.washington.edu/ccph/pdf_files/CPSReport_final1.15.08.pdf)

Israel, B., Eng, E., Schulz. A., et al., (eds). (2005). Methods in community-based participatory research for health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Israel, B., Schulz, A., Parker, E., Becker, A. (1998). Review of Community-Based Research: Assessing Partnership Approaches to Improve Public Health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173-202.

Minkler, M. and Wallerstein, N. (eds). (2008). Community-Based Participatory Research for Health: From Process to Outcomes (2nd edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Minkler, M., Breckwith Vasquez, V., Tajik, M., Petersen, D. (2008a). Promoting Healthy Public Policy through Community-Based Participatory Research. Oakland, CA: PolicyLink.
Seifer, S.D. and Calleson, D.C. (2004). Faculty perspectives on community-based research in academic health centers: Implications for policy and practice. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 18(4): 63-74.

Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action published by The Johns Hopkins University Press. *The first national scholarly journal dedicated to CBPR.
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/progress_in_community_health_partnerships_research_education_and_action/

The Community Guide: A Guide to Community Preventive Services. http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html

Viswanathan, M., Ammerman, A., Eng, E., et al., (eds). (2004). Community-Based Participatory Research: Assessing the Evidence. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Wallerstein, N., Duran, B. (2006). Using community-based participatory research to address health disparities. Health Promotion Practice, 7(3), 312-23.
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Community Based Participatory Research