By Deborah Young-Hyman, Ph.D.
A meeting of multidisciplinary biobehavioral scientists and National Institutes of Health (NIH) program staff was convened by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH to examine mechanisms associated with humans' ability to self-regulate appetite and appetitive behavior. In a special section of Obesity Journal, meeting participants from this meeting describe processes that can inform novel prevention and treatment approaches for obesity. Read Full Introduction.
- Biological control of appetite: A daunting complexity addresses the mechanisms that contribute to food consumption behaviors such as food choices, portion sizes, and sensations of hunger.
- Psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation reviews the state of the science on psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation in the context of obesity.
- Appetite self-regulation: Environmental and policy influences on eating behaviors, discusses how appetite regulation is influenced by environment which is shaped by food-related policies. Although policy and environmental change are the most distal influences on individual-level appetite regulation, these strategies have substantial reach and population impact.