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national institutes of health - office of behavioral and social sciences research
o b s s r connector monthly

March 19, 2018

Director's Voice

Giving Grant Applications a Second Chance. NIH receives many meritorious grant applications for which there are inadequate resources to fund. Thanks to the Online Partnership to Accelerate Research (OnPAR), there is now a second chance at funding for these applications. Leidos Health’s Life Sciences has partnered with NIH to accelerate health research by matching high-scoring (e.g., those within the
30th percentile), unfunded NIH applications with private biomedical foundations and/or industries seeking to fund promising research via OnPAR.

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Research Spotlight

Research Spotlights

Findings from Recently Published Research

smartphone parents

Parent's Technology Obsession Contributes to Behavioral Problems in Kids

Parents who are interrupted by
technology are more likely to report child behavior problems according to a recent study funded by NICHD and NIDA. The study included 183 heterosexual couples with a young child under five years of age. Each parent completed an
online survey that assessed problematic digital technology use of the parent, perceived technology interference in the parent-child relationship, child’s externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems, child screen time, co-parenting quality,
and depressive symptoms.


pregnant woman drinking

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Higher than Previously Thought

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is a group of physical, behavioral, and cognitive conditions that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Previous studies estimated FASD occurred in 1% of children, however, these studies were constrained by small sample study populations. A new NIAAA-funded study indicates the prevalence of FASD may be substantially higher, occurring in at least 5% of first grade children. The study used convenience sampling to recruit 6,639 first-grade children enrolled in either public- or private- school from four communities.


depressed cancer

Having Depressive Symptoms Before Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Increases Mortality Risk

Head and neck cancer patients with depression symptoms prior to treatment are more likely to have shortened survival according to a recent NCI-funded study. The study included 134 patients with biopsy-confirmed head and neck cancers. During a treatment planning clinic visit participants completed intake forms and a
depression assessment. Clinical, pathological, and radiographic data were used to determine cancer staging, viral status of oropharyngeal cancers, and tumor location. 


In The Know

In the Know

Events and Announcements

11th NIH Matilda White Riley Distinguished Lecturer

OBSSR announces Dr. Terrie E. Moffitt, professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University, as this year's NIH Matilda White Riley Behavioral and Social Sciences Honors Distinguished Lecturer. You are invited to join us for her presentation: "A good childhood is a smart investment." Dr. Moffitt's talk will describe research that brings national register databases together with a four-decade birth cohort study. One-fifth of the cohort accounted for most of the cohort’s injuries, obese kilograms, cigarettes smoked, hospital nights, welfare benefits, fatherless child-rearing years, prescription fills, and court convictions. Study findings suggest that early-years interventions that enhance brain health could yield large returns on investment.

Please register to attend this in person only event, to be held on Thursday, May 31, from 8:00 a.m. to 12 noon at the NIH's main campus, Wilson Hall (building 1). Free registration for this event is required. 



Harnessing Technology to Improve Adult Pneumococcal Vaccination Webinar

Join OBSSR director William T. Riley, Ph.D., on Tuesday, March 27 at 2:00 p.m. ET for a director’s series webinar titled “From patient perspectives to preventive care: Harnessing technology to improve adult pneumococcal vaccination.” Dr. Kenzie A. Cameron, research professor at at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, will present an overview of her process and outcomes which included: (1) conducting individual interviews to better understand specific reasons for refusal of pneumococcal vaccination among Black patients age 65 and older; (2) developing a theoretically-based patient education video on pneumonia and pneumococcal vaccination; (3) implementing a clinical decision support tool within the EHR to prompt nurses to show the video to patients newly eligible for the vaccination (i.e., 65 or 66 years old with no documentation of receipt or refusal of pneumococcal vaccination within the EHR); and (4) using the patient portal within our EHR to deliver the video to patients scheduled for a clinic visit via a message sent prior to their clinic visit.



BRAIN Behavior Quantification Meeting

OBSSR invites you to attend the BRAIN Behavior Quantification meeting on Sunday, April 8, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., at the NIH's Neuroscience Center Rooms on Executive Blvd. one day prior to the 4th
Annual Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative Investigator’s Meeting. The goal of this meeting is to stimulate research that would determine how neural circuit activity leads to complex behavior by linking precisely measured behavior with high-temporal resolution
neural recordings in humans. 



2018 mHealth Technology Showcase - Call for Applications

The mHealth Technology Showcase will bring together technology developers, health researchers, and federal program staff at the NIH's main campus, Natcher Auditorium, on Monday, June 4 from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. The goal of the meeting is to discuss how the community can work together to improve the
specificity, reliability, and validity of health indicators extracted from data collected from wearable and mobile sensors, in the context of rapidly evolving and increasingly complex and diverse technologies. Registration and attendance for the showcase is free, but space is limited. Applications are being  accepted for those who want to present their research or demonstrate their technology. Applications will be selected based on the strength of the data presented that supports the specificity, reliability and validity of the technologies used for the health application identified. The application deadline for speakers, poster presentations and technology demonstrations is Sunday, April 1, 2018, and
applicants will be notified by Friday, April 20.



Request for Information: Soliciting Input for the NIH Strategic Plan for Data Science

The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to invite comments and suggestions on the first NIH Strategic Plan for Data Science. The NIH is publishing this Notice to solicit input on topics under consideration for the strategic plan from its stakeholders, including members of the scientific community, academic institutions, the private sector, health professionals, professional societies, advocacy groups, patient communities, as well as other interested members of the public. Responses must be received by Monday April 2, 2018.



HINTS Data Users Conference

The fifth HINTS Data Users Conference, sponsored by NCI, will be held on September 13-14, 2018 at the NIH main campus, Natcher Conference Center. The conference will be an opportunity to present and discuss research using Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) data and to highlight the role of HINTS research in public health and clinical care. Please visit the abstract submission section of the conference website for more information and to see a description of the various conference tracks. The abstract submission deadline is Friday, April 6, 2018. 



Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study Dataset

NIH released to the scientific community an unparalleled dataset from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. To date, more than 7,500 youth and their families have been recruited for the study, well over half the participant goal.  Approximately 30 terabytes of data (about three times the size of the Library of Congress collection), obtained from the first 4,500 participants, will be available to scientists worldwide to conduct research on the many factors that influence brain, cognitive, social, and emotional development. The ABCD study is the largest long-term study of brain development and child health in the United States. The data will be made available through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Data Archive, which can be accessed by researchers who obtain a free NIMH Data Archive account.



NCCOR: A Decade of Transforming the Field of Childhood Obesity Research

Launched in 2009, the National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) brought together the nation’s four largest childhood obesity research funders—CDC, NIH, USDA, and RWJF—in a public-private collaboration to accelerate progress in reducing childhood obesity. In the ensuing 10 years,
NCCOR has transformed the field of childhood obesity research through strategic initiatives, comprehensive tools for researchers, and innovative rapid-response funding mechanisms, among other efforts. To provide insights into its formation, operations, and accomplishments, NCCOR published two papers in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, released online today. The papers are accompanied by a commentary by senior leaders of NCCOR’s member organizations and an editorial by Dr. Jim Sallis, a member of NCCOR’s External Scientific Panel.


Funding Annoucements

Funding Announcements

NIH-NSF Interagency Initiative: Smart and Connected Health

Institutes and Centers of the NIH and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have identified Smart and Connected Health as a program focus. The purpose of this interagency program solicitation is the development of technologies, analytics and models supporting next generation health and medical research through high-risk, high-reward advances in computer and information science, engineering and technology, behavior, cognition, robotics and imaging.Application submission is through the National Science Foundation via solicitation NSF-18-541
View Announcement

Funding Announcements

Social and Behavioral Research eLearning Course

Good Clinical Practice in Social and Behavioral Research

Complete the free NIH Good Clinical Practice (GCP) Training through the Society of Behavioral Medicine. In September 2016, the NIH issued a Policy on Good Clinical Practice Training for NIH awardees involved in NIH-funded clinical trials. The principles of GCP help assure the safety, integrity, and
quality of clinical trials. Certificates will be given upon completion of the training.

Take The Training

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